Swirling weather systems of the ocean known as eddies might play a major role in climate change. Using the Kraken supercomputer (now decommissioned), researchers discovered that eddies behave differently than scientists had thought.
Compute allocations on Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE) supercomputers have enabled researchers to effectively simulate ultrasound propagation through breast models, which will provide reference data for improving breast cancer diagnostics.
Simulations done on the Kraken supercomputer (decommissioned earlier this year) illustrate the traits of hydrophobic ("water-fearing") cancer drugs and can pave the way for the design of more-efficient ways of delivering the drugs to the cells in the body.
The combination of experimentation and computer simulation is providing an understanding of the structure and dynamics of lignin, an abundant, renewable resource found in wood and plants that could improve lithium-ion batteries.
Supercomputing resources support research that is shedding some light on abnormal protein deposits associated with Parkinson's disease.